With the conflict in Syria and the tragic refugee crisis, as well as the increase of extremist activity, thus threatening to undermine development progress, the world seems particularly volatile.
Under this situation, the World Bank celebrated during the first week of March its 2016 Fragility, Conflict and Violence Forum focused on pushing forward the sustainable development agenda in “a world affected by fragility, conflict and violence.”
The event, themed Take Action for Peaceful and Inclusive Societies, gathered over 100 World Bank partners and 600 participants to address collectively the World Bank’s challenging goals to end extreme poverty by 2030 and promote shared prosperity in a sustainable manner.
In the framework of the Forum, Club de Madrid co-organized a High Level Panel on Democratic and Inclusive Leadership to Prevent Violent Extremism, where CdM members Danilo Türk and Mehdi Jomaa were key speakers, along with Dewirini Anggraeni from Mothers School Project in Indonesia, Imam Mohamed Magid from ADAMS Center, and Makhatar Diop the Regional Vice President for Africa of the World Bank.
The panel discussion addressed the idea that divisions, exclusion and polarisation create the conditions of alienation and marginalisation out of which violent extremism grows. Therefore, there is an urgent need to build inclusive Shared Societies, locally, nationally and indeed internationally, which prevent the emergence of violent extremism, facilitate the reintegration of those who have been tempted by the path offered by violent extremism, avoid a backlash from the wider community, and help the wider community to understand and respond positively to the challenges. “Security approaches are not enough to confront violent extremism” said Danilo Türk during the High Level Panel.
Former Prime Minister of Tunisa Medhi Jomaa said that “the most important thing is an inclusive dialogue.” In managing the transition to democracy, Mr. Jomaa said that an inclusive approach had been “the key ingredient for success of Tunisian transition.”
Another CdM initiative is on Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism, aimed at informing and empowering stakeholders in the struggle against radicalization and violent extremism and the joint actions both governments and societies must undertake to effectively tackle this scourge together, specified in the 10 Goals.
These goals were defined as principles and recommendations for global leaders as a guide to tackle this global problem. This initiative was launched at the 2015 Policy Dialogue, and produced the Global Consensus as a comprehensive framework on how to confront his global struggle on preventing and countering violent extremism.
Danilo Türk stated that there is “little evidence that poverty causes violent extremism but plenty of evidence that exclusion and humiliation do so.”
Divisions, exclusion and polarization are the base from which violent extremism grows. Preventing these situations from happening through facilitating the reintegration of those who have been tempted by the path by extremist groups, and by helping the community as a whole to understand and respond positively to these challenges, are key and highlight the importance of building inclusive Shared Societies, at all levels, to counter violent extremism and allow for further progress on development.
“Inclusion needs to be the center of policy making and CVE” said former Slovenian president and Club de Madrid member, Danilo Türk.